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8. But once the Treaty was signed, the British Crown decided that it meant they had first dibs on Māori land, and they set the prices. To convince Māori to sell 'unused' land cheaply, they promised to build schools and hospitals. "The promises were mostly unfulfilled". All while Queen Victoria (via Earl Grey) was assuring Māori that the Treaty would be"most scrupulously and religiously observed".

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7. The scoundrels from The New Zealand Company who sent boat loads of colonists to Wellington without even having secured the promised land for then were *not*, in fact, involved with the government of Great Britain.

They were in a rush to get their settlers to Aotearoa *before* there was any treaty, so they could screw the native people out of their land (which is what they're business model required) without government interference.

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6. The report sent back to England contained both versions of the Treaty, but the English version was labeled as a 'translation' of the Te Reo Māori version.

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5. Lots of rangatira argued vociferously against the treaty, but then signed anyway. (I'm still getting to grips with the various probably good reasons for this, but was a surprise on the face of it)

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4. Although I knew the translation was problematic, I didn't realize that it contained made-up words, e.g. the word "kāwanatanga", used to translate "sovereignty", is a word formed from kāwana", a kind of 'transliteration' of the English word "governor". Māori had to ask what it meant.

"He questioned missionaries and officials about the wording of Te Tiriti, especially the word 'kāwanatanga'...

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3. The English version was translated into Te Reo Māori in one evening, by two Pākehā men who didn't really know what they were doing.

"Although they were comfortable using Māori language, they were not experienced translators..."

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2. The English version of the Treaty was essentially made up on the spot by someone who didn't know what he was doing

"...he had no legal training and the Colonial Office had not provided him with a draft. There is no evidence that he checked any treaties already made by Britain..."

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Still reading, surprises so far:

1. New Zealand already had a Declaration of Independence before the Treaty

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As a pākehā educated during the 70s and 80s, my ignorance about the Treaty of is profound. I know that there are serious issues revolving around the differences in meaning if the text between the English version and the Te Reo Māori version, and that in many cases the treaty was essentially ignored by the English Crown, but it being the founding document of New Zealand, I should find out more. So I'm reading "The Treaty of Waitangi | Te Tiriti o Waitangi" by Claudia Orange

Happy "I love Free Software Day" everyone 💕

We would like to use this opportunity to let you know that K-9 Mail needs your help.


Since end 2020 banned linking in FB posts to stating "violation of community standards". Multiple people filed complaints but nothing happened, no responses, no explanations, nothing. Please help (RT/like or comment how to proceed). Thanks!

Today's Guardian article about the 6 January insurrectionists - "middle-class and middle-aged ... no known links with militant groups ... business owners or with white-collar jobs ... CEOs, shop owners, doctors, lawyers, IT specialists, and accountants” - these seem like protagonists of "Radicalized" by @pluralistic, but mobilised by other perceived grievances.

...Approx 1 year, or 2 years part time, remote work (within NZ) is possible. If you are interested, and/or have pātai, flick me a message here (, or get directly in touch with Jonathan: (3/3)

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..We are keen to hear from potential postdocs with expertise in one or more of: te reo Māori, Tongan, Samoan, language technology, natural language processing, computational linguistics, or corpus linguistics. We are particularly interested in Māori and Pacific candidates. (2/3)

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NZ Postdoc Opportunity! NZILBB has an immediate opening for a NZ-based postdoc to work on a project with Jonathan Dunn and, creating novel domain adaptation methods to facilitate the development of language technologies for low-resource Polynesian languages. (1/3)


Just a reminder that is a great search engine, does not track you, and will not put an obnoxious yellow box at the top of your search results because they're fighting with the Australian government.


Cory is at it again and makes no prisoners ... rather suggests us as prisoners to demand free movement.

The e-mail server network presents a vast and diverse migration space and we are to bring crypto-secured automated e-mail account migration UX to our apps. #guardens_unwalled

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